Hydrogen addition effectively reduces the fuel consumption of spark ignition engines. We propose a new on-board reformer that produces hydrogen at high concentrations and enables multi-mode operations. For the proposed reformer, we employ a catalytic fuel decomposition reaction via a commercial NiO–CaAl2O4 catalyst. We explore the physical and chemical aspects of the reforming process using a fixed bed micro-reactor operating at temperatures of 550–700 °C. During reduction, methane is decomposed to form hydrogen and carbon. Carbon formation is critical to hydrogen production, and free space for carbon growth is essential at low temperatures (≤600 °C). We define a new accumulated conversion ratio that quantitatively measures highly transient catalytic decomposition. The free space of the coated monolith clearly aided low-temperature decomposition with negligible pressure drop. The coated substrate is therefore suitable for on-board applications considering that our reformer concept also utilizes the catalytic fuel decomposition reaction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology