The folding propensities of a capped, cyclically constrained, mixed α/β diastereomer pair, (SRSS) Ac-Ala-βACHC-Ala-NHBn (hereafter RS) and (SSRS) Ac-Ala-βACHC-Ala-NHBn (SR), have been studied in a molecular beam using single-conformation spectroscopic techniques. These α/β-tripeptides contain a cyclohexane ring across each Cα-Cβ bond, at which positions their stereochemistries differ. This cyclic constraint requires any stable species to adopt one of two ACHC configurations: equatorial C?O/axial NH or equatorial NH/axial C?O. Resonant two-photon ionization (R2PI) and infrared-ultraviolet hole-burning (IR-UV HB) spectroscopy were used in the S0-S1 region of the UV chromophore, revealing the presence of three unique conformational isomers of RS and two of SR. Resonant ion-dip infrared spectra were recorded in both the NH stretch (3200-3500 cm-1) and the amide I (1600-1800 cm-1) regions. These experimental vibrational frequencies were compared with the scaled calculated normal-mode frequencies from density functional theory at the M05-2X/6-31+G(d) level of theory, leading to structural assignments of the observed conformations. The RS diastereomer is known in crystalline form to preferentially form a C11/C9 mixed helix, in which alternating hydrogen bonds are arranged in near antiparallel orientation. This structure is preserved in one of the main conformers observed in the gas phase but is in competition with both a tightly folded C7eq/C12/C8/C7eq structure, in which all four amide NH groups and four C?O groups are engaged in hydrogen bonding, as well as a cap influenced C7eq/NH···π/C11 structure. The SR diastereomer is destabilized by inducing backbone dihedral angles that lie outside the typical Ramachandran angles. This diastereomer also forms a C11/C9 mixed helix as well as a cap influenced bifurcated C7ax-C11/NH···π/C7eq structure as the global energy minimum. Assigned structures are compared with the reported crystal structure of analogous α/β-tripeptides, and disconnectivity graphs are presented to give an overview of the complicated potential energy surface of this tripeptide diastereomer pair.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The Purdue authors gratefully acknowledge support for this research from the National Science Foundation (NSF Grant CHE-1456256). J.L. and S.H.C. acknowledge support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2016R1A2B4012798).
© 2018 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry