A ternary compound of Co3Ti2Si is suggested as reaction barrier for the formation of epitaxial CoSi2 in the Co/Ti/Si system. It has a role to control Co diffusion to the Si substrate, followed by formation of CoSi2. After Co3Ti2Si was formed, CoO and Ti oxide were formed at surface, depending on Ti thickness. In the case of Ti oxide being at surface, the outdiffusion of Ti in ternary compound was accelerated. Then, the decomposition of Co3Ti2Si occurred by reaction with Ti oxide, resulting in uniform epitaxial CoSi2. However, in the case of CoO being at surface, the Ti outdiffusion was suppressed, followed by thermally decomposition of Co3Ti2Si. This caused nonuniform Co supply to form nonuniform CoSi2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)