This article surveys recent developments in the rational synthesis of single-crystalline zinc oxide nanowires and their unique optical properties. The growth of ZnO nanowires was carried out in a simple chemical vapor transport and condensation (CVTC) system. Based on our fundamental understanding of the vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) nanowire growth mechanism, different levels of growth controls (including positional, orientational, diameter, and density control) have been achieved. Power-dependent emission has been examined and lasing action was observed in these ZnO nanowires when the excitation intensity exceeds a threshold (∼40 kW cm-2). These short-wavelength nanolasers operate at room temperature and the areal density of these nanolasers on substrate readily reaches 1 × 1010 cm-2. The observation of lasing action in these nanowire arrays without any fabricated mirrors indicates these single-crystalline, well-facetted nanowires can function as self-contained optical resonance cavities. This argument is further supported by our recent near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) studies on single nanowires.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Advanced Functional Materials|
|Publication status||Published - 2002 May 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics