Nitric oxide (NO) plays a key role in several physiological functions such as inflammatory responses and immune regulation. However, despite its beneficial functions, the short half-life and diffusion radius limit NO availability in biomedical applications. Hence, controlled release is important to achieve the desired therapeutic effects with exogenous NO delivery. In this study, we fabricated a poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-based NO delivery system to release NO in a sustained manner under physiological conditions. To prevent an initial burst release, branched polyethylenimine diazeniumdiolate (BPEI/NONOate), a pH-responsive NO donor, was encapsulated into the hydrophilic core of PLGA nanoparticles. Furthermore, low concentrations of NO released at a consistent level via a stabilization effect obtained as amine groups of BPEI/NONOate interacted with the nearby NONOate. Using the controlled-release profiles, we successfully regulated the inflammatory response in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. This work demonstrates the potential of a NO delivery carrier in the regulation of inflammation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors confirm that there are no known conflicts of interest associated with this publication. This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (NRF-2017R1E1A1A01074343)
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry