Conversion of organic solid waste to hydrogen and methane by two-stage fermentation system with reuse of methane fermenter effluent as diluting water in hydrogen fermentation

Kyung Won Jung, Chungman Moon, Si Kyung Cho, Sang Hyoun Kim, Hang Sik Shin, Dong Hoon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, a two-stage system converting organic solid waste (food waste+sewage sludge) to H2 and CH4 was operated. In the first stage of dark fermentative hydrogen production (DFHP), a recently proposed method that does not require external inoculum, was applied. In the second stage, anaerobic sequencing batch reactor (ASBR) and an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor (UASBr) were followed to treat H2 fermenter effluent. (H2+CH4-ASBR) system showed better performance in terms of total biogas conversion (78.6%), while higher biogas production rate (2.03L H2/Lsystem/d, 1.96L CH4/Lsystem/d) was achieved in (H2+CH4-UASBr) system. To reduce the alkali addition requirement in DFHP process, CH4 fermenter effluent was tested as a diluting water. Both the ASBR and UASBr effluent was effective to keep the pH above 6 without CH4 production. In case of using ASBR effluent, H2 production dropped by 15%, but alkali addition requirement was reduced by 50%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-127
Number of pages8
JournalBioresource technology
Volume139
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
2. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (MEST) (NRF-2012-M1A2A2026587).

Funding Information:
1. This work was supported by the New & Renewable Energy Technology Development Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP: 20113030100030 ) Grant funded by the Korea government Ministry of Knowledge Economy .

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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