Convolutional neural network-based safety evaluation method for structures with dynamic responses

Hyo Seon Park, Jung Hwan An, Young Jun Park, Byung Kwan Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The strain sensors that are used to evaluate structural members have a limited lifespan and thus have shown limitations to perform long-term structural health monitoring (SHM). This study presents a convolutional neural network (CNN)-based strain prediction technique that allows for structural safety evaluations in case of absence or defect of strain sensors. In the proposed method, CNNs were used to establish a relationship between the dynamic structural response and the strain response measured in the structure. A number of dynamic structural responses and the structural member's strain response that are measured before the strain sensor malfunctions are used as input data and output data, respectively, to train the CNNs. The trained CNNs can estimate the strain and evaluate the structural safety even when the later strain measurement response cannot be used. Dynamic acceleration and displacement responses are used as input data in the two CNNs presented in this study, called CNN_A and CNN_D respectively. A numerical study of a beam-like structure and an experimental study which includes shaking table tests on a reinforced concrete frame specimen were conducted to confirm the validity of the strain predictions by the proposed method with CNN_A and CNN_D. The strain prediction performance of the proposed CNNs is compared in these applications. This study also examines the proposed technique's strain prediction performance according to the amount of data used to train the CNNs. In addition, this study discusses influences of variations in the number of locations for measuring the dynamic structural responses that are used as the CNNs’ input data on the strain prediction performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113634
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning, MSIP) (No. 2018R1A5A1025137).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence


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