Electrode materials exploiting multielectron-transfer processes are essential components for large-scale energy storage systems. Organic-based electrode materials undergoing distinct molecular redox transformations can intrinsically circumvent the structural instability issue of conventional inorganic-based host materials associated with lattice volume expansion and pulverization. Yet, the fundamental mechanistic understanding of metal-organic coordination polymers toward the reversible electrochemical processes is still lacking. Herein, we demonstrate that metal-dependent spatial proximity and binding affinity play a critical role in the reversible redox processes, as verified by combined 13C solid-state NMR, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. During the electrochemical lithiation, in situ generated metallic nanoparticles dispersed in the organic matrix generate electrically conductive paths, synergistically aiding subsequent multielectron transfer to π-conjugated ligands. Comprehensive screening on 3d-metal-organic coordination polymers leads to a high-capacity electrode material, cobalt-2,5-thiophenedicarboxylate, which delivers a stable specific capacity of ∼1100 mA h g-1 after 100 cycles.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea grant (NRF-2016R1A2B4015497). M.S.O. and N.P. acknowledge the support from BRL (NRF-2017R1A4A101532). The authors are grateful to Prof. Ja Hun Kwak for his valuable discussion.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)