The objective of this study was to investigate in vitro release kinetics and ossification patterns of bone morphogenetic protein-2-soaked collagenated porcine bone mineral (BMP-2/CPBM) in rabbit sinuses. Release kinetics of BMP-2/CPBM was determined in vitro up to 56 days. In 16 rabbits, BMP-2/CPBM (BMP group) and CPBM alone (control group) were bilaterally grafted in both sinuses. After 4 (N = 8) and 12 (N = 8) weeks, radiographic and histologic analyses were performed. Approximately 40% of BMP-2 was released from CPBM during 3 days in vitro; release maintained at a reduced level until day 56. In vivo, new bone formation in BMP group was dominant at the center and decreased toward the borders of the sinus, while it mainly possessed close to the sinus membrane and basal bone in control group. At the center, significantly more new bone was found in BMP group compared to control group at 4 weeks (29.14% vs. 16.50%; p < 0.05). The total augmented volume of BMP group was significantly greater than control group at 4 (370.13 mm3 vs. 299.32 mm3) and 12 (400.40 mm3 vs. 290.10 mm3) weeks (p < 0.05). In conclusion, BMP-2/CPBM demonstrated a core ossification with a greater augmented volume and new bone formation in the center of the sinus compared to CPBM alone. The center of the augmented maxillary sinus tends to show a slower and inferior new bone formation compared to the sites near the sinus membrane and basal bone. In this study, bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) loaded onto collagenated porcine bone mineral (CPBM) resulted in a greater augmented volume and new bone formation at the center of the grafted sinus compared to CPBM alone. Therefore, BMP-2-added CPBM in maxillary sinus augmentation may potentially be beneficial to the clinicians, in terms of accelerating the new bone formation at the center area where the apical half of the implant fixture usually places.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning) (No. NRF-2017R1A2B2002537).
© Copyright 2021, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers 2021.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering