[(NixMn1- x)0.84Cu0.16]3O4 (0.20 ≤ x ≤ 0.40) thin films have been prepared using the metal-organic decomposition method for microbolometer applications. Spinel thin films with a thickness of approximately 100 nm were obtained from the [(NixMn1- x)0.84Cu0.16]3O4 films annealed at the low temperature of 380 °C for 5 h, which enables their direct integration onto substrates having complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) read-out circuitry. To obtain negative-temperature-coefficient films with reasonable performance through low enough temperature anneal process, Ni content has been systematically varied, and the film microstructure has been found to depend on the relative amount of Ni and Mn. A single phase of cubic spinel structure has been confirmed in the prepared films. The resistivity (ρ) of the annealed films decreases with increasing Mn4+/Mn3+ value due to the hopping mechanism between Mn3+ and Mn4+ cations in octahedral sites of spinel structure. Although the temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) of the annealed films has been decreased slightly with the increase of Ni content, good enough properties of the film (ρ = 61.3 Ω•cm, TCR = −2.950%/K in x = 0.30 film) has been obtained even with the annealing at rather low temperature of 380 °C, thus enabling the direct integration onto substrates having read-out circuitry. The results obtained in this work are promising for applications to CMOS integrated microbolometer devices.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the Fundamental R&D program funded by the Korea Institute of Ceramic Engineering and Technology (KICET) and Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE), Republic of Korea. This work was also supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2019R1A6A1A11055660).
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry