Co2+-Doping of Magic-Sized CdSe Clusters: Structural Insights via Ligand Field Transitions

Jiwoong Yang, Franziska Muckel, Back Kyu Choi, Severin Lorenz, In Young Kim, Julia Ackermann, Hogeun Chang, Tamara Czerney, Vinayak S. Kale, Seong Ju Hwang, Gerd Bacher, Taeghwan Hyeon

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Abstract

Magic-sized clusters represent materials with unique properties at the border between molecules and solids and provide important insights into the nanocrystal formation process. However, synthesis, doping, and especially structural characterization become more and more challenging with decreasing cluster size. Herein, we report the successful introduction of Co2+ ions into extremely small-sized CdSe clusters with the intention of using internal ligand field transitions to obtain structural insights. Despite the huge mismatch between the radii of Cd2+ and Co2+ ions (>21%), CdSe clusters can be effectively synthesized with a high Co2+ doping concentration of ∼10%. Optical spectroscopy and mass spectrometry suggest that one or two Co2+ ions are substitutionally embedded into (CdSe)13 clusters, which is known as one of the smallest CdSe clusters. Using magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy on the intrinsic ligand field transitions between the different 3d orbitals of the transition metal dopants, we demonstrate that the Co2+ dopants are embedded on pseudotetrahedral selenium coordinated sites despite the limited number of atoms in the clusters. A significant shortening of Co-Se bond lengths compared to bulk or nanocrystals is observed, which results in the metastability of Co2+ doping. Our results not only extend the doping chemistry of magic-sized semiconductor nanoclusters, but also suggest an effective method to characterize the local structure of these extremely small-sized clusters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7350-7357
Number of pages8
JournalNano letters
Volume18
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 14

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Yang, J., Muckel, F., Choi, B. K., Lorenz, S., Kim, I. Y., Ackermann, J., Chang, H., Czerney, T., Kale, V. S., Hwang, S. J., Bacher, G., & Hyeon, T. (2018). Co2+-Doping of Magic-Sized CdSe Clusters: Structural Insights via Ligand Field Transitions. Nano letters, 18(11), 7350-7357. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b03627