Due to the characteristics of a data stream, it is very important to confine the memory usage of a data mining process. This paper proposes a CP-tree (Compressible-prefix tree) that can be effectively employed in finding frequent itemsets over an online data stream. Unlike a prefix tree, a node of a CP-tree can maintain a concise synopsis that can be used to trace the supports of several itemsets together. As the number of itemsets that are traced by a node of a CP-tree is increased, the size of a CP-tree becomes smaller. However, the result of a CP-tree becomes less accurate since the estimated supports of those itemsets that are traced together by a node of a CP-tree may contain possible false positive or negative errors. Based on this characteristic, the size of a CP-tree can be controlled by merging or splitting the nodes of a CP-tree, which allows the utilization of a confined memory space as much as possible. Therefore, the accuracy of a CP-tree is maximized at all times for a confined memory space. Furthermore, a CP-tree can trace a concise set of representative frequent itemsets that can collectively represent the set of original frequent itemsets.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Computer Science Applications
- Information Systems and Management
- Artificial Intelligence