Critical heat flux enhancement of pool boiling with adaptive fraction control of patterned wettability

Jung Shin Lee, Joon Sang Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conventional patterned wettability with a periodic checkerboard pattern shows intermediate critical heat flux (CHF) between uniform hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces. To solve this high superheat problem and maintain the high CHF, we propose adaptive fraction control of the pitch of hydrophobic dots. With actual heat source, the temperature distribution is the highest at the center and decreases as the radius from the center increases. Patterned wettability in the high temperature region is created with a low area fraction of hydrophobic dots, while the area fraction gradually increases with distance from the center. Using this adaptive fraction control, CHF can be avoided in the center region and superheat can be dropped for nucleation in the outer region at low temperature. However, if the concentration gradient of hydrophobic dots is too large, nucleation at the center of surface will be suppressed and boiling crisis will occur in the outer region. Therefore we also optimized the concentration of hydrophobic dots with respect to CHF and start of nucleation. In this research, a multiphase single component lattice Boltzmann model was used for the simulation. The simulation model is modified to establish heterogeneous wettability. The effects of size and concentration of hydrophobic dots are analyzed by observing the tendency of CHF, superheat, and local Nusselt number.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)504-512
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume96
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1

Fingerprint

wettability
boiling
Boiling liquids
Wetting
Heat flux
heat flux
augmentation
Nucleation
nucleation
Nusselt number
heat sources
tendencies
Temperature distribution
temperature distribution
simulation
gradients
Temperature
radii

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

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title = "Critical heat flux enhancement of pool boiling with adaptive fraction control of patterned wettability",
abstract = "Conventional patterned wettability with a periodic checkerboard pattern shows intermediate critical heat flux (CHF) between uniform hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces. To solve this high superheat problem and maintain the high CHF, we propose adaptive fraction control of the pitch of hydrophobic dots. With actual heat source, the temperature distribution is the highest at the center and decreases as the radius from the center increases. Patterned wettability in the high temperature region is created with a low area fraction of hydrophobic dots, while the area fraction gradually increases with distance from the center. Using this adaptive fraction control, CHF can be avoided in the center region and superheat can be dropped for nucleation in the outer region at low temperature. However, if the concentration gradient of hydrophobic dots is too large, nucleation at the center of surface will be suppressed and boiling crisis will occur in the outer region. Therefore we also optimized the concentration of hydrophobic dots with respect to CHF and start of nucleation. In this research, a multiphase single component lattice Boltzmann model was used for the simulation. The simulation model is modified to establish heterogeneous wettability. The effects of size and concentration of hydrophobic dots are analyzed by observing the tendency of CHF, superheat, and local Nusselt number.",
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N2 - Conventional patterned wettability with a periodic checkerboard pattern shows intermediate critical heat flux (CHF) between uniform hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces. To solve this high superheat problem and maintain the high CHF, we propose adaptive fraction control of the pitch of hydrophobic dots. With actual heat source, the temperature distribution is the highest at the center and decreases as the radius from the center increases. Patterned wettability in the high temperature region is created with a low area fraction of hydrophobic dots, while the area fraction gradually increases with distance from the center. Using this adaptive fraction control, CHF can be avoided in the center region and superheat can be dropped for nucleation in the outer region at low temperature. However, if the concentration gradient of hydrophobic dots is too large, nucleation at the center of surface will be suppressed and boiling crisis will occur in the outer region. Therefore we also optimized the concentration of hydrophobic dots with respect to CHF and start of nucleation. In this research, a multiphase single component lattice Boltzmann model was used for the simulation. The simulation model is modified to establish heterogeneous wettability. The effects of size and concentration of hydrophobic dots are analyzed by observing the tendency of CHF, superheat, and local Nusselt number.

AB - Conventional patterned wettability with a periodic checkerboard pattern shows intermediate critical heat flux (CHF) between uniform hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces. To solve this high superheat problem and maintain the high CHF, we propose adaptive fraction control of the pitch of hydrophobic dots. With actual heat source, the temperature distribution is the highest at the center and decreases as the radius from the center increases. Patterned wettability in the high temperature region is created with a low area fraction of hydrophobic dots, while the area fraction gradually increases with distance from the center. Using this adaptive fraction control, CHF can be avoided in the center region and superheat can be dropped for nucleation in the outer region at low temperature. However, if the concentration gradient of hydrophobic dots is too large, nucleation at the center of surface will be suppressed and boiling crisis will occur in the outer region. Therefore we also optimized the concentration of hydrophobic dots with respect to CHF and start of nucleation. In this research, a multiphase single component lattice Boltzmann model was used for the simulation. The simulation model is modified to establish heterogeneous wettability. The effects of size and concentration of hydrophobic dots are analyzed by observing the tendency of CHF, superheat, and local Nusselt number.

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