The chemical stability of methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3) under humid conditions remains the primary challenge facing halide perovskite solar cells. We investigate defect processes in the water-intercalated iodide perovskite (MAPbI3-H2O) and monohydrated phase (MAPbI3·H2O) within a first-principles thermodynamic framework. We consider the formation energies of isolated and aggregated vacancy defects with different charge states under I-rich and I-poor conditions. It is found that a PbI2 (partial Schottky) vacancy complex can be formed readily, while the MAI vacancy complex is difficult to form in the hydrous compounds. Vacancies in the hydrous phases create deep charge transition levels, indicating the degradation of the lead halide perovskite upon exposure to moisture. Electronic structure analysis supports a mechanism of water-mediated vacancy pair formation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry