Cross-cultural evidence for the fundamental features of extraversion

Richard E. Lucas, Ed Diener, Alexander Grob, Eun Kook Suh, Liang Shao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

345 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Psychologists have not determined the defining characteristics of extraversion. In four studies, the authors tested the hypothesis that extraversion facets are linked by reward sensitivity. According to this hypothesis, only facets that reflect reward sensitivity should load on a higher order extraversion factor. This model was tested against a model in which sociability links the facets. The authors also tested the generalizability of the model in a diverse sample of participants from 39 nations, and they tested the model using widely used extraversion scales. Results of all studies indicate that only facets that reflect reward sensitivity load on a higher order extraversion factor and that this factor correlates strongly with pleasant affect. Although sociability is undoubtedly an important part of extraversion, these results suggest that extraverts' sociability may be a by-product of reward sensitivity, rather than the core feature of the trait.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-468
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jan 1

Fingerprint

reward
sociability
Reward
evidence
psychologist
Extraversion (Psychology)
Psychology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Lucas, Richard E. ; Diener, Ed ; Grob, Alexander ; Suh, Eun Kook ; Shao, Liang. / Cross-cultural evidence for the fundamental features of extraversion. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2000 ; Vol. 79, No. 3. pp. 452-468.
@article{79a9046fef7c40e7a7131cf30afbaf0a,
title = "Cross-cultural evidence for the fundamental features of extraversion",
abstract = "Psychologists have not determined the defining characteristics of extraversion. In four studies, the authors tested the hypothesis that extraversion facets are linked by reward sensitivity. According to this hypothesis, only facets that reflect reward sensitivity should load on a higher order extraversion factor. This model was tested against a model in which sociability links the facets. The authors also tested the generalizability of the model in a diverse sample of participants from 39 nations, and they tested the model using widely used extraversion scales. Results of all studies indicate that only facets that reflect reward sensitivity load on a higher order extraversion factor and that this factor correlates strongly with pleasant affect. Although sociability is undoubtedly an important part of extraversion, these results suggest that extraverts' sociability may be a by-product of reward sensitivity, rather than the core feature of the trait.",
author = "Lucas, {Richard E.} and Ed Diener and Alexander Grob and Suh, {Eun Kook} and Liang Shao",
year = "2000",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/0022-3514.79.3.452",
language = "English",
volume = "79",
pages = "452--468",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "3",

}

Cross-cultural evidence for the fundamental features of extraversion. / Lucas, Richard E.; Diener, Ed; Grob, Alexander; Suh, Eun Kook; Shao, Liang.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 79, No. 3, 01.01.2000, p. 452-468.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cross-cultural evidence for the fundamental features of extraversion

AU - Lucas, Richard E.

AU - Diener, Ed

AU - Grob, Alexander

AU - Suh, Eun Kook

AU - Shao, Liang

PY - 2000/1/1

Y1 - 2000/1/1

N2 - Psychologists have not determined the defining characteristics of extraversion. In four studies, the authors tested the hypothesis that extraversion facets are linked by reward sensitivity. According to this hypothesis, only facets that reflect reward sensitivity should load on a higher order extraversion factor. This model was tested against a model in which sociability links the facets. The authors also tested the generalizability of the model in a diverse sample of participants from 39 nations, and they tested the model using widely used extraversion scales. Results of all studies indicate that only facets that reflect reward sensitivity load on a higher order extraversion factor and that this factor correlates strongly with pleasant affect. Although sociability is undoubtedly an important part of extraversion, these results suggest that extraverts' sociability may be a by-product of reward sensitivity, rather than the core feature of the trait.

AB - Psychologists have not determined the defining characteristics of extraversion. In four studies, the authors tested the hypothesis that extraversion facets are linked by reward sensitivity. According to this hypothesis, only facets that reflect reward sensitivity should load on a higher order extraversion factor. This model was tested against a model in which sociability links the facets. The authors also tested the generalizability of the model in a diverse sample of participants from 39 nations, and they tested the model using widely used extraversion scales. Results of all studies indicate that only facets that reflect reward sensitivity load on a higher order extraversion factor and that this factor correlates strongly with pleasant affect. Although sociability is undoubtedly an important part of extraversion, these results suggest that extraverts' sociability may be a by-product of reward sensitivity, rather than the core feature of the trait.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034276625&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034276625&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0022-3514.79.3.452

DO - 10.1037/0022-3514.79.3.452

M3 - Article

VL - 79

SP - 452

EP - 468

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 3

ER -