Cross-cultural variations in predictors of life satisfaction: Perspectives from needs and values

Shigehiro Oishi, Edward F. Diener, Richard E. Lucas, Eunkook M. Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

383 Citations (Scopus)


The authors tested for cross-cultural difference in predictors of life satisfaction. In Study 1 (39 nations, N = 54,446), they found that financial satisfaction was more strongly associated with life satisfaction in poorer nations, whereas home life satisfaction was more strongly related to life satisfaction in wealthy nations. In Study 2 (39 nations, N = 6,782), the authors found that satisfaction with esteem needs (e.g., the self and freedom) predicted global life satisfaction more strongly among people in individualist nations than people in collectivist nations. The present investigation provides support for the needs and values-as-moderators model of subjective well-being at the cultural level. The need for theories that account for culture-specific as well as universal predictors of life satisfaction will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)980-990
Number of pages11
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

Cite this