We characterize cross-plane and in-plane Seebeck coefficients for ErAs:InGaAsInGaAlAs superlattices with different carrier concentrations using test patterns integrated with microheaters. The microheater creates a local temperature difference, and the cross-plane Seebeck coefficients of the superlattices are determined by a combination of experimental measurements and finite element simulations. The cross-plane Seebeck coefficients are compared to the in-plane Seebeck coefficients and a significant increase in the cross-plane Seebeck coefficient over the in-plane Seebeck coefficient is observed. Differences between cross-plane and in-plane Seebeck coefficients decrease as the carrier concentration increases, which is indicative of heterostructure thermionic emission in the cross-plane direction.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors acknowledge useful discussions with Dr. Mihal Gross. This work is supported by the Office of Naval Research Thermionic Energy Conversion Center MURI.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)