Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii, the etiologic agents of cryptococcosis

Kyung J. Kwon-Chung, James A. Fraser, T. Ámara L. Doering, Zhuo A. Wang, Guilhem Janbon, Alexander Idnurm, Yong Sun Bahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

134 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii are the two etiologic agents of crypto coccosis. They belong to the phylum Basidiomycota and can be readily distinguished from other pathogenic yeasts such as Candida by the presence of a polysaccharide capsule,... formation of melanin, and urease activity, which all function as virulence determinants.| Infection proceeds via inhalation and subsequent dissemination to the central nervous system to cause meningoencephalitis. The most common risk for cryptococcosis caused c" by C. neoformans is AIDS, whereas infections caused by C. gattii are more often reported in immunocompetent patients with undefined risk than in the immunocompromised. There havebeen many chapters, reviews, and books written on C. neoformans. Thetopics wefocus on in this article include species description, pathogenesis, life cycle, capsule, and stress response, which serve to highlight the specializations in virulence that have occurred in this U

Original languageEnglish
JournalCold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
Volume4
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

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Cryptococcus gattii
Cryptococcosis
Cryptococcus neoformans
Capsules
Virulence
Urease
Candida
Melanins
Neurology
Yeast
Polysaccharides
Life cycle
Basidiomycota
Meningoencephalitis
Infection
Life Cycle Stages
Psychological Stress
Inhalation
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Central Nervous System

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Kwon-Chung, Kyung J. ; Fraser, James A. ; Doering, T. Ámara L. ; Wang, Zhuo A. ; Janbon, Guilhem ; Idnurm, Alexander ; Bahn, Yong Sun. / Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii, the etiologic agents of cryptococcosis. In: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 4, No. 7.
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Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii, the etiologic agents of cryptococcosis. / Kwon-Chung, Kyung J.; Fraser, James A.; Doering, T. Ámara L.; Wang, Zhuo A.; Janbon, Guilhem; Idnurm, Alexander; Bahn, Yong Sun.

In: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine, Vol. 4, No. 7, 01.01.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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