An investigation had been conducted to study the effect of CaO/SiO 2 mass ratio and B 2 O 3 on the crystallization behavior and the melt structure of fluorine-free mold fluxes. The results showed that the increase of CaO/SiO 2 ratio tends to promote the crystallization behavior of the fluorine-free mold flux system, due to the depolymerization of the original complex borosilicate structure by the released free oxygen (O 2− ) ions with the added CaO. Small amount of B 2 O 3 would initially inhibit the mold flux crystallization, then the further addition would promote crystallization. The melt structure analysis results suggested that with the addition of B 2 O 3 content, the existing silicate structure would connect with each other and also link with the dissociative [BO 3 ]-trihedral units to form borosilicate chain. Simultaneously, O 2– could destroy the original diborate structure and form two simple borate structures. Subsequently, the simple borate structure would connect with the dissociative [BO 3 ]-trihedral and the formed borosilicate chain to form a more complex borosilicate structure. Thus, the degree of polymerization of whole molten slag was getting improved, but the overall effect on the mold flux crystallization was depended on the balance between the molten slag structure and viscosity, in which 6 mass% was the critical point in the current mold flux system.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The financial support from National Science Foundation of China ( U1760202 , 51661130154 ) and the Newton Advanced Fellowship ( NA150320 ) is great acknowledged.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry