Crystallization behavior of the CaO-Al2O3-MgO system studied with a confocal laser scanning microscope

Sung Suk Jung, Il Sohn

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45 Citations (Scopus)


The crystallization behavior of a calcium-aluminate system with various MgO content from 2.5 to 7.5 wt pct and CaO/Al2O3 ratios between 0.8 and 1.2 has been examined using a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). CCT (continuous cooling transformation) and time temperature transformation (TTT) diagrams were constructed to identify the primary crystal phase of slag at different compositions and at cooling rates between 25 and 800 K/minutes. In the slag at a CaO/Al2O3 ratio of 1.0, crystallization temperature increased during isothermal and continuous cooling with higher MgO content, and the shortest incubation time was observed at 5 wt pct MgO. When MgO content was fixed to be 5 wt pct, crystallization temperature increased with lower CaO/Al2O3 ratio. According to the slag composition, cooling rates and temperature, the primary phase could be CA, or C5A3, or C3A, or C3MA2, or MgO, and the crystal morphology changes from dendrites to faceted crystals to columnar crystals in this composition range.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1530-1539
Number of pages10
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was partially supported by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy Project No. 2011-8-1454.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2012.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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