Cultivation and harvesting of microalgae in photobioreactor for biodiesel production and simultaneous nutrient removal

Il Seung Yang, El Sayed Salama, Jong Oh Kim, Sanjay P. Govindwar, Mayur B. Kurade, Minsun Lee, Hyunseog Roh, Byong Hun Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus obliquus were cultivated in a small scale vertical flat-plate photobioreactor (PBR) supplemented with municipal wastewater in order to achieve simultaneous wastewater treatment and biomass production for biofuel generation. Microalgal growth and nutrient removal including total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), total inorganic carbon (TIC) and trace elements (Ca2+, Na+, Mg2+ and Zn2+) were monitored during microalgae cultivation. C. vulgaris and S. obliquus showed optimal specific growth rates (μopt) of 1.39 and 1.41 day- 1, respectively, and the TN and TP were completely removed (>99%) from the wastewater within 8 days. Microalgal biomass in the PBR was harvested using a natural flocculant produced from Moringa oleifera seeds. The harvesting efficiency of M. oleifera was 81% for C. vulgaris and 92% for S. obliquus. The amounts of saturated, mono-unsaturated, and poly-unsaturated fatty acids in the harvested biomass accounted for 18.66%, 71.61% and 9.75% for C. vulgaris and 28.67%, 57.14% and 11.15% for S. obliquus, respectively. The accumulated fatty acids were suitable to produce high quality biodiesel with characteristics equivalent to crop seeds oil-derived biodiesel. This study demonstrates the potential of microalgae-based biodiesel production through the coupling of advanced wastewater treatment with microalgae cultivation for low-cost biomass production in a PBR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-62
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1

Fingerprint

Photobioreactors
Biodiesel
Nutrients
Biomass
Wastewater treatment
Phosphorus
Wastewater
Polyunsaturated fatty acids
Nitrogen
Oilseeds
Biofuels
Trace elements
Fatty acids
Crops
Seed
Carbon
Costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Yang, Il Seung ; Salama, El Sayed ; Kim, Jong Oh ; Govindwar, Sanjay P. ; Kurade, Mayur B. ; Lee, Minsun ; Roh, Hyunseog ; Jeon, Byong Hun. / Cultivation and harvesting of microalgae in photobioreactor for biodiesel production and simultaneous nutrient removal. In: Energy Conversion and Management. 2016 ; Vol. 117. pp. 54-62.
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Cultivation and harvesting of microalgae in photobioreactor for biodiesel production and simultaneous nutrient removal. / Yang, Il Seung; Salama, El Sayed; Kim, Jong Oh; Govindwar, Sanjay P.; Kurade, Mayur B.; Lee, Minsun; Roh, Hyunseog; Jeon, Byong Hun.

In: Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 117, 01.06.2016, p. 54-62.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Yang, Il Seung

AU - Salama, El Sayed

AU - Kim, Jong Oh

AU - Govindwar, Sanjay P.

AU - Kurade, Mayur B.

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AU - Jeon, Byong Hun

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