ESSs (Energy storage systems) for large-scale grid systems and next generation secondary battery systems require an ideal device that satisfies diverse properties such as a high energy density, high power density, low cost, and safe and reliable performance. In this study, we present a CUCap (cyclic ultracapacitor), which is comprised of two reservoirs and one flat flow capacitor cell with a cyclic continuous flow mode and independently tunable power rating and energy capacity. CUCap provides fast-charging and high capacity technology with a simple and practical design for high density and large-scale energy storage systems. The best performance appeared in slurry ratio (electrode to electrolyte) 1 to 7 with the total reservoir volume of 150 mL and the flow rate 300 ml/min, resulting in volumetric energy density, specific capacitance, and discharge time of 7.7 Wh L-1, 14.2 F ml-1, 100 min, respectively. Moreover, the slurry electrode of the CUCap cell had a maximum current density around 260 mA cm-2 which could possibly result in a fast-charging CUCap system.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was conducted under the framework of Research and Development Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) (B5-2414)
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering