Purpose: To evaluate and compared the diagnostic performances of FNA and CNB using various cytopathologic criteria and size subgroups to see how the comparison results differ accordingly. Methods: From May 2012 to May 2019, 8187 thyroid nodules in 8139 patients who had undergone preoperative US-guided FNA or CNB at outside clinics were included in this retrospective study (mean size: 11.9 ± 9.5 mm). Preoperative US-FNA was performed in 7496 (91.6%) nodules and US-CNB was performed in 691 (8.4%) nodules. Propensity score matching was used to compare the sensitivities between FNA and CNB in diagnosis of malignancy and neoplasm according to different cytologic test criteria. Results: Of the 8187 thyroid nodules, 7833 (95.7%) were malignant and 354 (4.3%) were benign. Mean size of the thyroid nodules in the CNB group was significantly larger than the FNA group, 15.7 ± 12.7 mm vs. 11.6 ± 9.0 mm, respectively (P < 0.001). After matching, sensitivity in the CNB group were significantly higher in the total population, and in subgroups <10 mm for criteria 1 and 2 (all P < 0.05, respectively). No significant differences were seen between the sensitivities of FNA and CNB for nodules ≥10 mm regardless of criteria in diagnosis of malignancy or neoplasm (all P > 0.05, respectively). Conclusions: Results comparing sensitivities between FNA and CNB differ according to the different cytopathologic criteria used for calculation. CNB has significantly higher sensitivity to FNA in subcentimeter nodules when using criteria 1 or 2. Diagnostic sensitivities did not show significant differences for nodules ≥10 mm regardless of the cytopathologic criteria used, that should be considered in selecting biopsy methods.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism