Intravenous administration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has served as a clinical intervention for inflammatory diseases. Once entered to blood circulation, MSCs are exposed to a harsh environment which sharply decreases cell viability due to the fact that injected cells, being susceptible to shear stress, are subjected to the high velocities of the bloodstream and lack of proper mechanical support that keeping them in an attachment-deprived state. Here, we coated the nanofilm onto viable MSCs by depositing poly-l-lysine and hyaluronic acid molecules along with arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD peptide) as building blocks to protect cells from shear stress and stabilize them in a single cell, suspension state. In this article, we found that nanofilm-coated cells showed significantly increased cell survival in vitro and in vivo, which was also supported by the activation of survival-related protein, Akt. The coated nanofilm did not interfere with the stemness of MSCs which was determined based on the colony forming unit-fibroblast (CFU-F) assay and in vitro differentiation potential. Because of the characteristics of films showing light molecular deposition density, flexibility, and looseness, application of nanofilms did not block cell migration. When the cells were administrated intravenously, the nanofilm coated MSCs not only prolonged blood circulation lifetime but also showed increased stem cell recruitment to injured tissues in the muscle injury in vivo model, due to prolonged survival. Surface modification of MSCs using nanofilms successfully modulated cell activity enabling them to survive the anoikis-inducing state, and this can provide a valuable tool to potentiate the efficacy of MSCs for in vivo cell therapy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Chemistry