This paper presents a new approach for the damage detection of building structures under ambient excitation based on the inherent modal characteristics. In this study, without the extraction of modal parameters widely utilized in the previous studies on damage detection, a new index called the modal participation ratio (MPR), which is a representative value of the modal response extracted from dynamic responses measured in ambient vibration tests, is proposed to evaluate the change of the system of a structure according to the reduction of the story stiffness. The relationship between the MPR, representing a modal contribution for a specific mode and degree of freedom in buildings, and the story stiffness damage factor (SSDF), representing the extent of reduction in the story stiffness, is analyzed in various damage scenarios. From the analyses with three examples, several rules for the damage localization of building structures are found based on the characteristics of the MPR variation for the first mode subject to change in the SSDF. In addition, a damage severity function, derived from the relationship between the MPR for the first mode in the lowest story and the SSDF, is constructed to identify the severity of story stiffness reduction. Furthermore, the locations and severities of multiple damages are identified via the superposition of the presented damage severity functions. The presented method was applied to detect damage in a three-dimensional reinforced concrete (RC) structure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Mechanical Engineering