The de novo formation of basal bodies in Naegleria gruberi was preceded by the transient formation of a microtubule (MT)-nucleating complex containing γ-tubulin, pericentrin, and myosin II complex (GPM complex). The MT-nucleating activity of GPM complexes was maximal just before the formation of visible basal bodies and then rapidly decreased. The regulation of MT-nucleating activity of GPM complexes was accomplished by a transient phosphorylation of the complex. Inhibition of dephosphorylation after the formation of basal bodies resulted in the formation of multiple flagella. 2D-gel electrophoresis and Western blotting showed a parallel relationship between the MT-nucleating activity of GPM complexes and the presence of hyperphosphorylated γ-tubulin in the complexes. These data suggest that the nucleation of MTs by GPM complexes precedes the de novo formation of basal bodies and that the regulation of MT-nucleating activity of GPM complexes is essential to the regulation of basal body number.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology