Decaffeinated green coffee bean extract attenuates diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance in mice

Su Jin Song, Sena Choi, Taesun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated whether decaffeinated green coffee bean extract prevents obesity and improves insulin resistance and elucidated its mechanism of action. Male C57BL/6N mice (N = 48) were divided into six dietary groups: chow diet, HFD, HFD-supplemented with 0.1%, 0.3%, and 0.9% decaffeinated green coffee bean extract, and 0.15% 5-caffeoylquinic acid. Based on the reduction in HFD-induced body weight gain and increments in plasma lipids, glucose, and insulin levels, the minimum effective dose of green coffee bean extract appears to be 0.3%. Green coffee bean extract resulted in downregulation of genes involved in WNT10b- and galanin-mediated adipogenesis and TLR4-mediated proinflammatory pathway and stimulation of GLUT4 translocation to the plasma membrane in white adipose tissue. Taken together, decaffeinated green coffee bean extract appeared to reverse HFD-induced fat accumulation and insulin resistance by downregulating the genes involved in adipogenesis and inflammation in visceral adipose tissue.

Original languageEnglish
Article number718379
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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Coffee
Insulin Resistance
Obesity
Diet
Adipogenesis
Down-Regulation
Galanin
White Adipose Tissue
Intra-Abdominal Fat
Inbred C57BL Mouse
Genes
Weight Gain
Fats
Body Weight
Cell Membrane
Insulin
Inflammation
Lipids
Glucose

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

Cite this

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Decaffeinated green coffee bean extract attenuates diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance in mice. / Song, Su Jin; Choi, Sena; Park, Taesun.

In: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol. 2014, 718379, 01.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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