Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the primary factor of cutaneous aging, resulting in coarse wrinkles and dryness. In this study, we aimed to test whether decanal, an aromatic compound found mainly in citrus fruits, inhibits UVB-mediated photoaging in human dermal fibroblasts and to explore whether its anti-photoaging effect occurs via cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) signaling. We found that decanal promotes collagen production dose-dependently. Meanwhile, it also increased the intracellular cAMP levels and decreased the number of molecules involved in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/activator protein 1 (AP-1) pathway, downregulating the collagen genes and upregulating the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) genes in UVB-exposed dermal fibroblasts. Furthermore, it enhanced hyaluronic acid levels and hyaluronic acid synthase mRNA expression. Notably, the beneficial effects of decanal were lost in the presence of a cAMP inhibitor. Our results revealed the potential of decanal for preventing photoaging and suggested that its effects are cAMP-mediated in human dermal fibroblasts.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Nutrition and Dietetics