Deceleration time of left ventricular outflow tract flow as a simple surrogate marker for central haemodynamics at rest and as well as during exercise

In Jeong Cho, Chi Young Shim, Sun Ha Moon, Hyun Jin Lee, Geu Ru Hong, Namsik Chung, Jong Won Ha

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Abstract

Background: The shape and duration of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) flow has not been applied to assess the central haemodynamics, although LVOT flow is confronted with afterload of arterial system during systole. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the LVOT flow parameters are related with central systolic blood pressure (BP) and arterial compliance at rest and as well as during exercise. Methods: We studied 258 subjects (175 females, age 61 ± 11 years) with normal left ventricular (LV) systolic function who underwent supine bicycle stress echocardiography and arterial tonometry simultaneously at rest and at peak exercise. Deceleration time (DT) of LVOT flow and RR interval were measured and deceleration time corrected for heart rate (DTc) was calculated. Peripheral and central haemodynamic parameters including systolic and diastolic BP, and augmentation index at a heart rate of 75 (AIx@75) were assessed using radial artery tonometry. Carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) was measured. Results: Deceleration time corrected for heart rate was independently associated with central systolic BP and AIx@75 at rest (P < 0.001 and 0.006). Similarly, it also showed significant independent correlations with central systolic BP and AIx@75 during peak exercise (P = 0.006 and P = 0.021). In addition, DTc which measured both at rest and at peak exercise demonstrated significant positive correlations with PWV, suggesting association of prolonged DTc with arterial stiffening (P = 0.023 and P = 0.005). Conclusion: Prolongation of LVOT flow DTc represents raised central systolic BP and increased arterial stiffness not only at rest but also during exercise. Therefore, central aortic pressures and arterial stiffness influence the DT of LVOT flow at rest as well as during exercise in individuals with normal LV systolic function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)568-575
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean heart journal cardiovascular Imaging
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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