Decomposition of cyanogen chloride by using a packed bed plasma reactor at dry and wet air in atmospheric pressure

M. K. Park, S. G. Ryu, H. B. Park, H. W. Lee, K. C. Hwang, C. H. Lee

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Abstract

The decomposition rate of CNCl in a BaTiO3-filled Packed Bed Plasma Reactor was studied as a function of AC input power, power frequency, residence time in the reactor, and inlet flow rate. The decomposition rate was compared with those of CH3CN and CCl2CHCl. under the condition of 6.7 Wh/m3 specific energy density, the decomposition rate of CNCl was found to be 50%, which is lower than those of CH3CN and CCl2CHCl at the same or similar conditions. At a higher frequency of the power input system, the decomposition rate of inlet gas becomes lower due to a decrease infield strength for the same level of power. And, under the same level of input power, a higher decomposition rate was obtained at an increased residence time. The relation between gas decomposition rates stemmed from the electron-molecule collision and bounding energy within the molecule. The decomposition ratio of CNCl was lower than those of CCl2CHCl and CH3CN because the bond strength of the weakest bond in the molecule is higher. In order to test the decomposition efficiency of CNCl with catalytic packing material in a plasma reactor, the catalyst γ-Al2O 3 and Pt/γ-Al2O3 was packed in the packed bed plasma reactor. Although byproducts were formed, the plasma-catalyst hybrid reactor containing Pt/γ-Al2O3 showed a higher efficiency in CNCl decomposition as shown in the decomposition rate of above 99% in 0.3kWh/m3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-136
Number of pages20
JournalPlasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Mar 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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