The subject of this research was the decomposition of pharmaceuticals (sulfamethazine and sulfathiazole) using an oxygen-based membrane biofilm reactor. The influent concentrations in pharmaceuticals feed-medium were (in ppb): sulfamethazine (40) and sulfathiazole (85). The oxygen-based membrane biofilm reactor system consisted of two membrane modules connected to a recirculation loop. The main membrane module contained a bundle of 32 hydrophobic hollow-fiber membranes inside a polyvinyl-chloride pipe shell, and the other module contained a single fiber used to take biofilm samples. Pure O2 was supplied to the inside of the hollow fibers through the manifold at the base, and the O2 pressure for both reactors was 13 kPa. (1 kPa = 0.0099 atm = 0.145 psi). HRT was 3 h. The decomposition ratio of pharmaceuticals (sulfamethazine and sulfathiazole) using oxygen-based membrane biofilm reactor was (%): sulfamethazine (77 ± 2), and sulfathiazole (87 ± 2).
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work has been supported by Yonsei University, Center for Future Infrastructure System, a Brain Korea 21 program, Korea . We acknowledge the valuable contributions of our research partners at Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University: Bruce E. Rittmann, Chang-Hoon Ahn.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Science(all)
- Water Science and Technology
- Mechanical Engineering