Tethering factors mediate the initial contact between donor and acceptor membranes. Transport protein particle (TRAPP)III, a multisubunit tethering complex, controls both secretory pathway and autophagy in yeast. However, the roles of TRAPPIII is poorly understood in plants. We have isolated a recessive mutant displaying retarded root growth, defective root hair elongation, and compromised organization of quiescent center by introducing UAS tag in Arabidopsis thaliana and named defective quiescent center (dqc)-1. The tag localized in the 25th exon of At5g16280 encoding AtTRS85 specifying the TRAPPIII complex. Three additional T-DNA insertion mutants of dqc/attrs85 exhibited the defective gravitropic responses in addition to the weak dqc-1-like phenotypes. In dqc-2, the auxin-responsive DR5 expression in the columella was extended and an auxin efflux carrier PIN-FORMED1-GFP abnormally aggregated in the vacuole-like subcellular compartments. In the root epidermis of dqc-2, an early endosome (EE) marker was dispersed in the cytoplasm, a trans-Golgi network (TGN) marker localized in tonoplast, and a vacuole marker localized in the fragmented tonoplast. Furthermore, the endocytosis of FM4-64 in dqc-2 was compromised as evidenced by the decrease in the EE punctum formation, the rapid accumlation into the tonoplast, and the infrequent brefeldin A body formation. Together, DQC/AtTRS85 is essential for the integrity of TGN/EE and the vacuole fusion.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science