The major objective of this study was to delineate the oxidation of diethyl phthalate (DEP) in water, using bench-scale UV/H2O2 and O3/H2O2 processes, and to determine the effects of nitrate (NO3-N, 5 mg L-1) on this oxidation. The oxidation of DEP was also investigated through a pilot-scale advanced oxidation process (AOP), into which a portion of the effluent from a pilot-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR) plant was pumped. The bench-scale operation showed that DEP could be oxidized via solely UV oxidation or O 3 oxidation. The adverse effect of nitrate on the DEP oxidation was remarkable in the UV/H2O2 process, and the nitrate clearly reduced its oxidation. The adverse effect of nitrate on O3 oxidation was also observed. It was noted, however, that the nitrate clearly enhanced the DEP oxidation in the O3/H2O2 process. A series of pilot-scale AOP operations indicated that the addition of H 2O2 enhanced DEP oxidation in both the UV/H 2O2 and O3/H2O2 processes. No noticeable adverse effect of nitrate was observed in the NO 3--N concentration of about 6.0 mg L-1, which was naturally contained in the treatment stream. About 52% and 61% of the DEP were oxidized by each of these two oxidation processes in this pilot-scale operation. Both the UV/H2O2 and O3/H 2O2 processes appeared to be desirable alternatives for DEP oxidation in treatment effluent streams.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was financially supported by the Eco-Star Project (contact no.: I2 WaterTech 04-4) of Korea’s Ministry of Environment and the BK21 Program of Korea’s Ministry of Education in Seoul, Republic of Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Water Science and Technology
- Waste Management and Disposal