DICE1 (deleted in cancer 1), first identified in human lung carcinoma cell lines, is a candidate tumor suppressor, but the details of its activity remain largely unknown. We have found that RNA interference of its C. elegans homolog (DIC-1) produced inviable embryos with increased apoptosis, cavities in cells and abnormal morphogenesis. In the dic-1(RNAi) germ line, ced-3-dependent apoptosis increased, and cell cavities appeared at the late-pachytene/oogenic stage, leading to defective oogenesis. Immunofluorescence microscopy of DIC-1 revealed its ubiquitous expression in the form of cytoplasmic foci, and cryoelectron microscopy narrowed down the location of the foci to the inner membrane of mitochondria. After dic-1 RNAi, mitochondria had an irregular morphology and contained numerous internal vesicles. Homozygous embryos from a heterozygous dic-1 mother arrested at the L3 larval stage, in agreement with the essential role of DIC-1 in mitochondria. In summary, C. elegans DIC-1 plays a crucial role in the formation of normal morphology of the mitochondrial cristae/inner membrane. Our results suggest that human DICE1 may have several functions in multiple intracellular locations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Developmental Biology