We draw on a nationally representative sample of American adults who reported having participated in face-to-face deliberation (N = 756). We use structural equation modeling to first ask whether perceived political diversity differently influences follow-up engagement in various civic or political activities among strong, weak, and moderate ideologues. We also examine the processes - cognitive and affective - that lead from perceived diversity to follow-up engagement, and assess whether these processes depend on ideological strength. We find that follow-up political engagement among strong ideologues is primarily affected by their prior civic and political participation. Weak ideologues, in turn, are mobilized through cognitive reactions to perceived diversity, and moderates through affective reactions. Our results add to the debate on deliberative versus participatory democracy, suggesting that research should more closely attend to individual characteristics and underlying mechanisms.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
1The survey was conducted as part of a research project funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts and led by Professors Lawrence Jacobs, Fay Lomax Cook, & Michael X. Delli Carpini (2009). We are grateful to these researchers for giving us access to the survey data.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sociology and Political Science