To investigate the safety and efficiency of using robotic staplers for intracorporeal gastroduodenostomy in reduced-port robotic gastrectomy for gastric adenocarcinoma. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent totally robotic and laparoscopic gastrectomy with intracorporeal gastroduodenostomy. Gastroduodenostomy using the ENDOWRIST robotic stapler (RR) was compared to that using an endolinear stapler during robotic gastrectomy (RE) and to that using an endolinear stapler during laparoscopic gastrectomy (LE). A total of 296 patients underwent gastroduodenostomy: 58, 28, and 210 patients with RR, RE, and LE, respectively. There were no conversions to other methods, and all robotic stapling procedures were performed on the console without receiving additional assistance from a bedside surgeon during RR. Comparing the operative outcomes of RR with those of RE and LE, respectively, we noted similar postoperative short-term outcomes. There were no major complications, including anastomosis-related complications, during the postoperative period after RR. The median reconstruction time during RR was 8 min and 45 s, which was similar to that during RE (8 min, 5 s [P > 0.9999]), but longer than that during LE (6 min, 30 s [P < 0.0001]). Intracorporeal gastroduodenostomy using the robotic stapler during robotic gastrectomy could be safely and feasibly performed on the console without the assistance of assistant, bedside surgeons.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a Grant by a faculty research Grant from Yonsei University College of Medicine (6-2019-0053), and the funding source had no involvement in the design of the study and its execution.
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