Demonstration of simultaneous quantum steering by multiple observers via sequential weak measurements

Yeon Ho Choi, Seongjin Hong, Tanumoy Pramanik, Hyang Tag Lim, Yong Su Kim, Hojoong Jung, Sang Wook Han, Sung Moon, Young Wook Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Quantum correlation is a fundamental resource for various quantum information tasks. It is thus of importance to share the correlation to utilize it for many parties, but sharing quantum correlation among multiple parties is strictly restricted by the well-known monogamy relations. Nonetheless, this restriction can be relaxed when weak measurements are employed. Here, we experimentally demonstrate multiple-observer quantum steering by exploiting sequential weak measurements. Specifically, we observe simultaneous triple violations of the quantum steering inequality among four observers for a bipartite entangled system. Our results not only provide fundamental insights into the relation between quantum steering and measurement disturbance, but also suggest that quantum steering might be repeatably exploited to find applications to, for example, unbounded randomness certification and sharing secret keys among multiple parties simultaneously.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)675-679
Number of pages5
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 20

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Korea Institute of Science and Technology (2E30620); National Research Foundation of Korea (2019 M3E4A107866011, 2019M3E4A1079777, 2019R1A2C2 006381); Institute for Information and Communications Technology Promotion (2020-0-00947, 2020-0-00972).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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