Adsorption of perchloroethene (PCE), trichloroethene (TCE), and cis-dichloroethene (cis-DCE) on zerovalentiron is investigated using density functional theory (DFT) to evaluate hypotheses concerning the relative reactivity of these compounds on zerovalent iron. Four different chloroethene adsorption modes on the Fe(110) surface were studied using periodic DFT and the generalized gradient approximation (GGA). Of the adsorption sites examined, the atop site, where the chloroethene C=C bond straddles a surface iron atom, was the most energetically favorable site for the adsorption of all three chloroethenes. Electronic structure and property analyses provide an indication of the extent of sp 2-sp 3 hybridization. The strong hybridization of the π-bonding orbital between the chloroethene C=C bond and the iron surface suggests that adsorbed chloroethenes are strongly activated on Fe(110) and are likely precursors for subsequent chloroethene dissociation on the Fe surface. When the effect of solvation is indirectly taken into account in the DFT simulations by considering the hydration energies of chloroethenes in bulkwater, the ordering of the adsorption energies of chloroethenes from the aqueous phase onto Fe(110) is in agreement with experimental observation (PCE > TCE > cis-DCE). Electronic properties of the adsorbed configurations of chloroethenes are also presented.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry