The effect of density maximum of water on double-diffusive natural convection in a two-dimensioned cavity filled with a water saturated isotropic porous medium is studied numerically. The horizontal walls of the cavity are insulated. The opposing vertical walls are kept at different temperatures θh (linearly varies with height) and θc (θc ≤ θh). The concentration levels at cold wall and hot wall are, respectively, c1 and c2 with c1 > c2. Brinkman-Forchheimer extended Darcy model is used to investigate the average heat and mass transfer rates. The non-dimensional equations for momentum, energy, and concentration are solved by finite volume method with power law scheme for convection and diffusion terms. The results are presented in the form of streamlines, isotherms, and isoconcentration lines for various values of Grashof numbers, Schmidt number, porosity, and Darcy numbers. It is observed that the density maximum of water has profound effect on the thermosolutal convection. The effects of different parameters on the velocity, temperature, and species concentrations are also shown graphically.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)