We prepared Sn nanoparticle-embedded Mg1.96Al0.04Si0.97Bi0.03 nanocomposites and measured their thermoelectric properties and fracture toughness to elucidate the trade-off relationship between thermoelectric and mechanical properties. When Sn nanoparticles (50–150 nm) were introduced at the grain boundaries of the thermoelectric Mg1.96Al0.04Si0.97Bi0.03 matrix, the fracture toughness improved because of the inhibition of crack propagation. However, the power factor deteriorated due to the decrease in carrier mobility. We found that interface (between thermoelectric matrix and nanoparticles) density is a critical factor to determine the mechanical properties as well as thermoelectric transport properties. Optimized values of figure of merit (∼0.66 @ 873 K) and fracture toughness (1.10 MPa m1/2) were obtained for 0.9 vol % Sn nanoparticle-embedded Mg1.96Al0.04Si0.97Bi0.03 nanocomposite.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant ( 2017R1A2A1A17069528 ) and Priority Research Centers Program ( 2009-0093823 ) and Hyundai Motor Company ( 2016-11-0532 ).
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry