This study aimed to improve the interfacial bond and tensile performance of ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) containing steel fibers by modifying the fiber surface using an ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) electrolyte solution, cold gas plasma, and nanosilica (SiO2) coating. The test results indicate that the surface roughness of the steel fiber significantly increased because of the chelate effect through the EDTA electrolyte solution and the deposited nanosilica particles. The root mean square roughness, Rq, of the plain fiber sample increased by approximately two and nine times owing to the EDTA treatment and nanosilica coating, respectively. The roughened surface was more effective in enhancing the pullout resistance than the increase in surface energy, and the nanosilica coating further increased chemical adhesion and frictional shear stress, significantly increasing bond strengths and pullout energy, owing to the densified interface by the pozzolanic reaction. The tensile performance of UHPC containing steel fibers could be improved by the chelating effect of the EDTA electrolyte solution and nanosilica coating. The EDTA-treated fiber sample with nanosilica coating thus provided the best tensile performance with a tensile strength of 20.3 MPa, strain capacity of 0.99%, and g-value of 159.1 kJ/m3.
|Journal||Composites Part B: Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Sept 15|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2021R1A2C4001503 ).
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering