Design and preparation of SOFC unit cells using scandia-stabilized zirconia electrolyte for intermediate temperature operation

Sung Chul Park, Jong Jin Lee, Seung Ho Lee, Jooho Moon, Sang Hoon Hyun

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A solid oxide fuel cell unit cell based on a scandia-stabilized zirconia (ScSZ) electrolyte for intermediate temperature operation (below 650°C) was manufactured as an anode-supported unit cell via uniaxial pressing, dip-coating, and screen printing methods. The nanocomposite powders used to improve anode performance were synthesized by selectively coating nanosized NiO particles on ScSZ core particles by the Pechini process. Anode-supported ScSZ electrolytes were fabricated by dip-coating a slurry of Ni-ScSZ composite powder on a die-pressed anode pellet, followed by dip-coating of the electrolyte ScSZ slurry. The lanthanum strontium manganite (LSM)-ScSZ cathode and the samarium doped ceria (SDC) interlayer were formed on the anode-supported ScSZ electrolyte using the screen printing method. The lanthanum strontium cobalt ferrite (LSCF)-SDC cathode was also formed on the SDC interlayer. The anode-supported unit cells designed and prepared in this study had a power density of 0.61 W cm-2 at 800°C. Moreover, the unit cell structured by the functional layer and the LSCF cathode demonstrated excellent performance with a power density of 0.49 W cm-2 at 650°C.

Original languageEnglish
Article number044501
JournalJournal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 11


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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