The joints connecting the ITER magnet busbars and coils utilize the twin-box 'shaking hands' concept: inside a helium leak tight box, a bare cable is pressed in an indium-tinned copper base. To form the joint, two boxes are tightly compressed against each other on the copper side with a layer of indium in between. This concept was chosen to address the different requirements of the joints: to provide low electrical resistance without degradation and need of maintenance during ITER lifecycle, to sustain cyclic electromagnetic and pressure loads, to be easily dismountable in case of failure, to be tolerant to manufacturing and assembly misalignments, to provide low coolant flow impedance, and to limit ac losses and at the same time to facilitate current redistribution in the busbars. This paper presents the design; the key results of the electromagnetic, thermal, and stress analysis; and the major manufacturing and qualification steps. The latter includes cryogenic fatigue test of the joint welds and joint resistance measurements.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering