Design, manufacture and performance evaluation of HTS electromagnets for the hybrid magnetic levitation system

S. Y. Chu, Y. J. Hwang, S. Choi, J. B. Na, Y. J. Kim, K. S. Chang, D. K. Bae, C. Y. Lee, T. K. Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


A high speed electromagnetic suspension (EMS) maglev has emerged as the solution to speed limit problem that conventional high-speed railroad has. In the EMS maglev, small levitation gap needs uniform guide-way which leads to increase the construction cost. The large levitation gap can reduce the construction cost. However it is hard for normal conducting electromagnet to produce larger magneto-motive force (MMF) for generating levitation force as increased levitation gap. This is because normal conductors have limited rating current to their specific volume. Therefore, the superconducting electromagnet can be one of the solutions for producing both large levitation gap and sufficient MMF. The superconducting electromagnets have incomparably high allowable current density than what normal conductors have. In this paper, the prototype of high temperature superconducting (HTS) electromagnets were designed and manufactured applicable to hybrid electromagnetic suspension system (H-EMS). The H-EMS consists of control coils for levitation control and superconducting coils for producing MMF for levitation. The required MMF for generating given levitation force was calculated by both equations of ideal U-core magnet and magnetic field analysis using the finite element method (FEM). The HTS electromagnets were designed as double pancakes with Bi-2223/Ag tapes. Experiments to confirm its operating performance were performed in liquid nitrogen (LN2).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1501-1505
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number21-22
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the KBSI Grant T30407 .

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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