Tetramethylsilane (TMS) was recently proposed as a safe precursor for SiC single crystal growth through high temperature chemical vapor deposition (HTCVD). Because the C content of TMS is much higher than Si, the exhaust gas from the TMS-based HTCVD contains large amounts of C which is condensed in the outlet. Because the condensed C close to the crystal growth front will influence on the thermodynamic equilibrium in the crystal growth, an optimal reactor design was highly required to exclude the effect of the condensed carbon. In this study, we report on a mass/heat transfer analysis using the finite element method (FEM) in an attempt to design an effective reactor that will minimize the effect of carbon condensation in the outlet. By applying the proposed reactor design to actual growth experiments, single 6H-SiC crystals with diameters of 50 mm were successfully grown from a 6H-SiC seed. This result confirms that the proposed reactor design can be used to effectively grow 6H-SiC crystals using TMS-based HTCVD.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was financially supported by a grant from the World Premier Materials (WPM) Program and International Collaborative Energy Technology R&D Program (No. 2012100100744 ) of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP), which were commonly funded by Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE), South Korea . The authors wish to thank Ms. M.-S. Park in Dong-Eui University who evaluated the grown crystals with HRXRD.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry