Design of active Pt on TiO2 based nanofibrous cathode for superior PEMFC performance and durability at high temperature

Yunseong Ji, Yong il Cho, Yukwon Jeon, Chanmin Lee, Daehwan Park, Yong-Gun Shul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity and stability of the cathode catalyst are important issues for practical applications, which should be even considered for the materials in high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFCs). To improve these properties, modification of the catalyst electronic structure and finding durable supports can be a good approach. In this study, we synthesized a noble nanofibrous composite electrode which consist of carbon nanotube (CNT)-winded Pt/TiO2 nanofiber (CNT-Pt/TiO2). Our approach takes advantages of the electrochemical conductivity of CNF as well as better stability from the corrosion resistivity of TiO2 and strong metal-support interaction (SMSI) between the Pt nanoparticles and TiO2 nanofibers for less Pt dissolution. We also found that the Pt electronic state can be changed by an interaction with neighbouring CNT and TiO2, resulting a decrease of Pt d-band vacancy for enhanced catalytic activity. Furthermore, nanofibrous structure with a unique 3D pore structure provides higher surface area for additional improvements of the mass transfer. These results reveal that the CNT-Pt/TiO2 nanofiber based electrode shows enhanced performance with the maximum power density of 567 mW cm−2 compare to commercial Pt/C (461 mW cm−2) with a significant durability at harsh conditions of 120 °C and RH 40%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-429
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume204
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 5

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Carbon Nanotubes
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Nanofibers
durability
Carbon nanotubes
Durability
Cathodes
electrode
catalyst
Electrodes
Catalysts
Electronic states
fuel cell
Pore structure
Catalyst supports
Temperature
electrolyte
Vacancies
Electronic structure
corrosion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

Ji, Yunseong ; Cho, Yong il ; Jeon, Yukwon ; Lee, Chanmin ; Park, Daehwan ; Shul, Yong-Gun. / Design of active Pt on TiO2 based nanofibrous cathode for superior PEMFC performance and durability at high temperature. In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 2017 ; Vol. 204. pp. 421-429.
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Design of active Pt on TiO2 based nanofibrous cathode for superior PEMFC performance and durability at high temperature. / Ji, Yunseong; Cho, Yong il; Jeon, Yukwon; Lee, Chanmin; Park, Daehwan; Shul, Yong-Gun.

In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol. 204, 05.05.2017, p. 421-429.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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