Design of amine modified polymer dispersants for liquid-phase exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets and their photodetective nanocomposites

Jinseong Lee, Richard Hahnkee Kim, Seunggun Yu, Dhinesh Babu Velusamy, Hyeokjung Lee, Chanho Park, Suk Man Cho, Beomjin Jeong, Han Sol Kang, Cheolmin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Liquid-phase exfoliation (LPE) of transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) nanosheets is a facile, cost-effective approach to large-area photoelectric devices including photodetectors and nonvolatile memories. Non-destructive exfoliation of nanosheets using macromolecular dispersing agents is beneficial in rendering the TMD nanocomposite films suitable for mechanically flexible devices. Here, an efficient LPE of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) with an amine modified poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride) co-polymer (AM-PSMA) is demonstrated, wherein the maleic anhydrides were converted into maleic imides with primary amines using N-Boc-(CH2)n-NH2. The exfoliation of nanosheets was facilitated through Lewis acid-base interaction between the primary amine and transition metal. The results demonstrate that the exfoliation depends upon both the fraction of primary amines in the polymer chain and their distance from the polymer backbone. Under optimized conditions of primary amine content and its distance from the backbone, AM-PSMA gave rise to a highly concentrated MoS2 nanosheet suspension that was stable for over 10 d. Exfoliation of several other TMDs was also achieved using the optimized AM-PSMA, indicating the scope of AM-PSMA applications. Furthermore, a flexible composite film of AM-PSMA and MoS2 nanosheets fabricated by vacuum-assisted filtration showed excellent photoconductive performances including a high Ion/Ioff ratio of 102 and a fast photocurrent switching of 300 ms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number041002
Journal2D Materials
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Nanosheets
Amines
Transition metals
Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
amines
Polymers
liquid phases
transition metals
polymers
Liquids
Maleic anhydride
anhydrides
Photoelectric devices
Maleic Anhydrides
Imides
molybdenum disulfides
Lewis Acids
Nanocomposite films
imides

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Lee, Jinseong ; Kim, Richard Hahnkee ; Yu, Seunggun ; Velusamy, Dhinesh Babu ; Lee, Hyeokjung ; Park, Chanho ; Cho, Suk Man ; Jeong, Beomjin ; Kang, Han Sol ; Park, Cheolmin. / Design of amine modified polymer dispersants for liquid-phase exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets and their photodetective nanocomposites. In: 2D Materials. 2017 ; Vol. 4, No. 4.
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Design of amine modified polymer dispersants for liquid-phase exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets and their photodetective nanocomposites. / Lee, Jinseong; Kim, Richard Hahnkee; Yu, Seunggun; Velusamy, Dhinesh Babu; Lee, Hyeokjung; Park, Chanho; Cho, Suk Man; Jeong, Beomjin; Kang, Han Sol; Park, Cheolmin.

In: 2D Materials, Vol. 4, No. 4, 041002, 01.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lee, Jinseong

AU - Kim, Richard Hahnkee

AU - Yu, Seunggun

AU - Velusamy, Dhinesh Babu

AU - Lee, Hyeokjung

AU - Park, Chanho

AU - Cho, Suk Man

AU - Jeong, Beomjin

AU - Kang, Han Sol

AU - Park, Cheolmin

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AB - Liquid-phase exfoliation (LPE) of transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) nanosheets is a facile, cost-effective approach to large-area photoelectric devices including photodetectors and nonvolatile memories. Non-destructive exfoliation of nanosheets using macromolecular dispersing agents is beneficial in rendering the TMD nanocomposite films suitable for mechanically flexible devices. Here, an efficient LPE of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) with an amine modified poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride) co-polymer (AM-PSMA) is demonstrated, wherein the maleic anhydrides were converted into maleic imides with primary amines using N-Boc-(CH2)n-NH2. The exfoliation of nanosheets was facilitated through Lewis acid-base interaction between the primary amine and transition metal. The results demonstrate that the exfoliation depends upon both the fraction of primary amines in the polymer chain and their distance from the polymer backbone. Under optimized conditions of primary amine content and its distance from the backbone, AM-PSMA gave rise to a highly concentrated MoS2 nanosheet suspension that was stable for over 10 d. Exfoliation of several other TMDs was also achieved using the optimized AM-PSMA, indicating the scope of AM-PSMA applications. Furthermore, a flexible composite film of AM-PSMA and MoS2 nanosheets fabricated by vacuum-assisted filtration showed excellent photoconductive performances including a high Ion/Ioff ratio of 102 and a fast photocurrent switching of 300 ms.

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