Design of p-WSe2/n-Ge Heterojunctions for High-Speed Broadband Photodetectors

Chan Ho Lee, Youngseo Park, Sukhyeong Youn, Min Jae Yeom, Hyun S. Kum, Jiwon Chang, Junseok Heo, Geonwook Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Van der Waals (vdW) 2D/3D heterostructures are extensively studied for high-performance photodetector applications. Until now, the type of 2D materials has been the primary area of interest rather than the design of 3D semiconductors. In this study, high-speed broadband photodiodes (PDs) based on vdW p-WSe2/n-Ge heterojunctions are reported, and the performance compared with different n-Ge regions formed via the ion-implantation process. The fabricated PD with a typical long n-Ge region and low doping concentration responds to a broad spectral range from visible to infrared near 1550 nm with a response time of ≈3 µs and responsivity of 1.3 A W−1. The inferior responsivity of PDs with short n-Ge regions can be improved as demonstrated by experimental results and process simulation. Density functional theory calculations are performed to estimate the variation of the energy band structures with the doping concentration of n-Ge. Fast photoresponse and efficient carrier separation across the heterojunction can be expected regardless of the n-Ge doping concentration. Based on the experimental results together with theoretical band structure and process simulation, it is shown that the heterojunction with an optimized n-Ge design is a promising high-speed broadband photodetector that can be implemented with complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor design and fabrication processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2107992
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan 19

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Industrial Strategic Technology Development Program (20000300) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE, Korea), and by National R&D Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (2020M3F3A2A01082593, 2021R1A4A1033155). The EDA tool was supported by the IC Design Education Center, Korea.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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