Design of Polymeric Culture Substrates to Promote Proangiogenic Potential of Stem Cells

Byeong Ju Kwon, Xintong Wang, Mi Lan Kang, Jin You, Shin Jeong Lee, Won Shik Kim, Young Sup Yoon, Jong Chul Park, Hak Joon Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Stem cells are a promising cell source for regenerative medicine due to their differentiation and self-renewal capacities. In the field of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering, a variety of biomedical technologies have been tested to improve proangiogenic activities of stem cells. However, their therapeutic effect is found to be limited in the clinic because of cell loss, senescence, and insufficient therapeutic activities. To address this type of issue, advanced techniques for biomaterial synthesis and fabrication have been approached to mimic proangiogenic microenvironment and to direct proangiogenic activities. This review highlights the types of polymers and design strategies that have been studied to promote proangiogenic activities of stem cells. In particular, scaffolds, hydrogels, and surface topographies, as well as insight into their underlying mechanisms to improve proangiogenic activities are the focuses. The strategy to promote angiogenic activities of hMSCs by controlling substrate repellency is introduced, and the future direction is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700340
JournalMacromolecular Bioscience
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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