A vibrotactile interface is an actuator device to convey haptic information intuitively from electronics to users. For the next-generation of user-friendly interface applications, the vibrotactile actuator is required to be vibration intensity/frequency controllable, mechanically stable, transparent, and have large scalability. Previously, although these requirements are satisfied via several approaches using a random network film of Ag wires or a mixture with conductive polymers, the random-network-based materials only have limited control on material density and uniformity, which in turn hinders precise control over vibration intensity and device transparency. Here, a new approach to assemble large-scale Ag microwire arrays is demonstrated by involving an evaporative assembly method and is presented to overcome the current limitations. In particular, the 1D wavy structure derived from fractal designs promotes vibration intensity and cycling due to greater areal coverage and improved mechanical stability. Furthermore, by taking advantage of the precisely aligned microwires array, tunable multimode vibration frequencies are obtained by generating two different voltage frequencies. The large-scale wavy Ag microwire array with precise spatial controllability will be directly adaptable as a user-friendly interface in electronic applications like wearable devices, computer interfaces, and flexible mobile phones.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
J.K. and J.H.P. contributed equally to this work. This work was supported by a grant from the Center for Advanced Soft Electronics (CASE) under the Global Frontier Research Program (2013M3A6A5073177), the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning (NRF-2017R1A2B2005790), and Priority Research Centers Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2018R1A6A1A03025526).
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics